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Hydrogen Fuel Storage

Hydrogen Fuel Storage

Proper and efficient hydrogen fuel storage is a vital aspect as far as hydrogen powered vehicles go. If such vehicles are to become economically viable, then they must possess the capability of storing and using hydrogen fuel in the same way as we store and use gasoline. There are several challenges confronting those who are entrusted with the task of creating proper hydrogen fuel storage systems. At the very least, modern hydrogen fuel storage should help to ensure that refueling will only be required after about 300 miles. By using proper methods, it becomes possible to create suitable hydrogen fuel storage in the near future.

Hydrogen fuel – compressed gas tank storage

When it comes to understanding how current hydrogen fuel storage solutions are being offered, it pays to understand that hydrogen is currently being stored in compressed gas tanks. Hydrogen must first be compressed to five thousand or even ten thousand pounds per square inch. This is more or less the same method as is being used to store natural gas. Such a hydrogen fuel storage solution is simple and also very common. However, this kind of option requires use of tanks that are very tough.

Stronger tanks

The tanks used for hydrogen fuel storage need to be far stronger than is the case with tanks that store gasoline and current compression technologies also need to be improved upon in order to cut the cost involved in producing hydrogen at high pressure.

Carbon fiber tanks

Modern hydrogen fuel storage tanks are those that are made from carbon fiber which has been reinforced. There is also need to use pressure regulators as well as sensors to determine the exact temperature of gas. When hydrogen fuel is being filled into the tanks, there will is sure to be some amount of heating up which needs to be monitored in order to ensure safe filling.

Not easy to use

The modern hydrogen fuel storage tanks are not as easy to use as is the gasoline tanks and in addition, the former are not able to take full advantage of available space in the car. To rectify these shortcomings, attempts are being made to improve the capacity of hydrogen fuel storage tanks which can be done through making use of prototype hybrid gas and liquid hydrogen.

It is also possible to create cheaper hydrogen fuel storage solutions by making use of portable hydrogen fuel which will need to use chemical hybrids. In fact, it is possible to free hydrogen from the hybrids and that can then be used run fuel cells.

Currently, plenty of research is being conducted regarding better and more economically viable hydrogen fuel storage solutions. If efforts to create better hydrogen fuel storage solutions succeed, it will not be long before hydrogen fuel will become a viable alternative to gasoline as well as diesel.

The latest in so far as creation of better hydrogen fuel storage solutions go is that scientists are endeavoring to make use of glass filaments which are as thin as a human hair. These glass filaments will be used to store the hydrogen. According to scientists, about eleven thousand arrays of such glass filaments will be able to fuel vehicles for up to 400 kilometers or two hundred and forty miles. In addition, these proposed hydrogen fuel storage solutions will take up fifty percent of space as well as weight of existing hydrogen fuel storage tanks.

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